No one can deny the adverse effects of global warming. The frequency of hurricanes, storms, and tornado in several countries, including Indonesia, more common than 20 years ago. This is proof positive. Global appeal any reduction in global temperature formations.
Meeting of the countries
of forest owners in 2005 in Marakesh, Morocco, also agreed to preserve
the environment. Without a global appeal,
Indonesia since the 1970s has been proclaimed forest conservation,
However, the reduction of
forest occur. These factors cause is
the population growth from 120 million to 240 million people today, the
expansion of oil palm plantation and business interests that sustain
economic growth, and smuggling of timber to foreign countries.
Not all forest
encroachment because it is one of the negative consequences of economic
development, including the provision of land for housing and factories. Things may have prevented
forest encroachment hard is illegal to export logs.
This paper is encouraging
other countries with forest owners, Indonesia in the spotlight about
preservation for the sake of decreasing global warming. World Bank in 2007
states, Indonesia producing carbon dioxide (CO) due to the largest
forest encroachment, the controversial allegations.
There are some suspicious
things. The UN has a forest
conservation scheme, called Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and
Forest Degradation (REDD). REDD supporters say, is
the best and fastest way. REDD strengthened at the
Copenhagen meeting, Danish, December 2009.
Indonesia is committed to
REDD. In return, Indonesia
received a grant from the Norwegian one billion U.S. dollars. This will also be applied
in Brazil, several countries in South America, Asia and South Pacific. A group of developed
countries, including Australia, UK, Danish, French, German, Japanese,
Swedish, and U.S., is committed to funding REDD.
Indonesia is committed to
planting trees in an area of 21 million hectares of land to reduce
green house emissions 26 percent by 2020 from 1990 levels and will
reduce 41 percent if there are additional funds from the West.
Why must rely on foreign
assistance for reforestation. Is not there a
reforestation fund ?
Why deepening of REDD
schemes increased considerably compared to the main program of global
warming? Is not the majority of
global warming caused by emissions beyond the destruction of forests? Some experts say, the
contribution of forest destruction on a global emissions was 15 percent,
the rest is fossil fuel emissions, which increased more rapidly than
on Climate Change estimates that the change of land use of CO contribute
as much as 1.6 Gt of carbon per year. For comparison, fuel
emissions accounted for 6.3 Gt CO carbon.
Why forests in some
developing countries being targeted. World Food Organization
(FAO) said, global deforestation reached 13 million hectares per year,
including forests in wealthy nations.
Indian daily, The Times
of India, May 28, 2010 edition, to question, why China and India are not
included in REDD. At a meeting in Oslo,
Oslo Climate and Forests Conference, May 27, Norwegian Prime Minister
Jens Stoltenberg said. "We will focus on all
forests. However, we are still
more focused on the preservation of existing forest just yet,
Researchers continue to
question the strangeness of it. "Handling of forests in
developed countries is also important," said Michael Richardson from his
article titled "Ensuring Redd Is Not Mere Pulp Fiction" in The Straits
Times on June 7. Richardson is a
researcher at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
The activists and elites
associated economic and environmental development which implicitly
understood the article insinuated fraud Richardson West, who aspire to
growth by offsetting the pollution tolerance of forest preservation in
developing countries, who are most in need of economic development to
raise the socioeconomic status of 1.2 billion people globally.
Meeting in Bonn
More scandals uncovered
during a meeting in Bonn, Germany, May 31-June 11, which was attended by
negotiators from 185 countries. The meeting agreed to
reduce emissions 80-95 percent by 2050 for developed countries and no
visible plan for 2020. Base emission reductions
are also not in 1990. U.S. wants its base is
the year 2005.
Bonn meeting successfully
plugged REDD, a 10 billion dollar U.S. aid per year during 2010-2012 to
more than 100 billion dollars since 2020.
countries there is no fundamental progress about the fight against
global warming. "The discussion is not
about the essence," said Kim Carstensen of WWF International.
Chairman of the
Delegation of Bolivia Pablo Solon said, "This is not a debate that we
Chairman of the United
Nations about climate (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change)
Christiana Figueres said the government must face this challenge. Yvo de Boer, who replaced
Figueres, pessimistic. "We're in a long journey
to address climate change," said De Boer.
Alden Meyer of the Union
of Concerned Scientists, based in the U.S., teasing. "Figueres Expectations
are too high."
British daily, The
Guardian, June 9 edition of the more deadly write stuff again. Rather than reducing
emissions at least 30-40 per cent in 2020, developed countries actually
increased emissions of 8 percent. This is done by doing
tricks in the calculation of emission reductions. This trick is the use of
carbon markets to legalize as many as 30 percent of emissions in
developed countries with the preservation of compensation in other
The same daily edition
written June 8, the West did a trick by presenting data of forest
planting, but it shows a real logging data. "This is a scandal that
had no flavor and a disaster for the climate," said Sean Cadman from the
Climate Action Network, a coalition of 500 environmental and
development groups from around the world. "Only the Swiss who do
not want to do that," said Cadman.
commitment to help REDD. Help is stated is that
previously promised aid was given, but diverted to help forest
Antonio Hill of Oxfam
warned that there is potential for developing countries would be debt
relief and would be detrimental because REDD assistance from aid that
was intended for improving health and education systems. Chairman of the
Delegation of the European Union argue Laurent Graff. "Help is real and truly
prepared." (REUTERS / AP / AFP / MON)